We are a group of scientists and students all very interested in how insects survive winter, especially the extreme winters we have here in Minnesota where we’re based. Much of our individual research focuses on invasive species, however, as a group we dig into the scientific literature to learn about everything from the history of cold hardiness studies, different strategies insects use to overwinter, physiology, and applications of the data.  Our educational backgrounds vary (biology, ecology, wildlife and conservation biology, entomology, environmental sciences, statistics and more!), which brings in different perspectives to cold hardiness questions.

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